Mining siege

By | 08.01.2018
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Dedicated to the study and preservation of castles. Military mining alone allowed the Romans to gain an edge in three distinct ways. Infiltration. The first recorded use of mining operations by a Roman army comes during . A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by attrition or assault. This derives from sedere, Latin for "to sit".[1] Siege warfare is a form of constant, low-intensity conflict characterized by one party holding a strong, static defensive position.
Siege mining is simply the process of moving as close to the walls of the castle as possible that was under siege and mining-(digging under the walls of the fortification). Siege Mining. Siege mining, if used correctly, was one of the most effective and successful ways to attack a castle. All of the siege weapons that I have talked about so far consisted of destroying castle walls from above. Mining attempted to destroy castle walls from beneath. There were a couple different ways to mine an enemy castle. Dedicated to the study and preservation of castles. Military mining alone allowed the Romans to gain an edge in three distinct ways. Infiltration. The first recorded use of mining operations by a Roman army comes during . A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by attrition or assault. This derives from sedere, Latin for "to sit".[1] Siege warfare is a form of constant, low-intensity conflict characterized by one party holding a strong, static defensive position.
© 1995-2016 by Lise Hull
There are many myths and legends surrounding castle sieges. Knights in shining armor riding up to the castle, doing hand to hand combat. Or maybe hundreds of guards streaming out of the castles to meet their enemy. None of this is true, except in fairy tales and movies.

Most of the time, the attacking force would send a messenger to the lord of the castle and give notice of their intentions to attack. This notice allowed the castle to surrender. Sometimes the lord surrendered, but most often the castle was restocked and made ready for the siege. They would restock themselves with food, supplies and drink, mining siege, and add men to the garrison.

There were three ways to take a castle. The first is not to attack the castle at all - just avoid the castle altogether and seize the lands around it. The second is direct assault, or laying siege to the castle. The last is besieging.

Here is an account of a siege. Stone throwing mangonels attack the towers and walls every day. The walls of the castles would hopefully be breached, and towers damaged. The enemy erects wooden towers called belfries, taller than the castle towers, to conceal and enable bow men to shoot arrows down into the castle. While this is going on, miners would be tunneling under the walls and towers of the castle in preparation to collapse them.

Mining siege counter the mining, anti-mining tunnels could be dug by the castle soldiers, which insured a ferocious hand-to-hand battle underground. Inside the castle, mining siege, the guards would place a pot of water near the castle towers and walls. When the water rippled, they would know enemy miners were at work underneath them. Since some castles were defended with as few as 14 soldiers, you can imagine how busy they would be at this point!

The barbican is next assaulted and taken, with a loss of men on both sides. Then the bailey is attacked, and more men killed. Animals and some supplies would be captured. The auxiliary buildings containing hay and grain for the castle are burned. Gigabyte rx 570 gaming 4gb mining now, miners have succeeded in collapsing a wall of the castle. The attackers have broken through and seized the inner bailey. More men on both sides would be lost in this phase of the attack.

By this time, the castle defenders would have retreated to the keep. Miners would now be setting fire to the mine tunnel under the keep. Smoke and fire are rising into the keep, and cracks appearing in the thick walls. The defenders of the castle are forced to surrender as the castle falls to the enemy.

The third method, called besieging, would require the enemy to wait and starve the castle garrison into surrender. This method was preferred by an attacking side. Some sieges of this type would last from six months to a year. Sometimes, the enemy would hurl dead animals into the castle grounds in hopes of spreading diseases. And, sometimes the lord of the castle would toss dead animals outside his castle, to convince the enemy they had enough supplies to carry on a siege for months.

Here are some notable sieges:

  • Rochester Castle (1215)-the fall of this mighty fortification produced temporary loss of confidence in castles.
  • Dover Castle (1216)-mining of the castle was only thwarted by a relieving army. It produced the building of spur to stop the mining of castles. A spur is a wall or earthwork projecting sharply from main defences.
  • Berkhamsted Castle (1217)-Henry III ordered his constable of the castle to surrender on humanitarian grounds.
  • Bedford Castle (1224)-One of the best documented sieges. The garrison of the castle was hanged after defeat.
  • Kenilworth Castle (1266)-the castle held out for six months against Henry Mining siege, and only surrendered because of the lack of food and disease.
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Siege of the Creekpath Mining and Refining complex | Wookieepedia | FANDOM powered by Wikia

A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by attrition or assault. This derives from sedere, Latin for "to sit".[1] Siege warfare is a form of constant, low-intensity conflict characterized by one party holding a strong, static defensive position. Jul 28, 2011 · Western Mining Tunnels - Dungeon Siege 3: After you meet with the queen in The Tumbledown Court, you'll learn that you need to blast two tunnels in order. MINING UNDER SIEGE. The productions of diamond, gold, salt and soda ash took a nosedive during the first quarter (q1) of 2017 (as compared to the previous corresponding period), the downturn worries analysts who indicate that Botswana’s overreliance on the mineral sector is making it a ticking time bomb. The Guyana Gold and Diamond Miners Association (GGDMA) this year will celebrate its 30 anniversary. As President of an association whose executive members. Jetcan mining is de facto, and a nuisance. I propose a way to streamline while retaining the risks and rewards. Create a siege like module that hinders mobility while greatly increasing hull strength, and cargo capacity to orca/freighter size.

Jul 28, 2011 · Western Mining Tunnels - Dungeon Siege 3: After you meet with the queen in The Tumbledown Court, you'll learn that you need to blast two tunnels in order. Military mining alone allowed the Romans to gain an edge in three distinct ways. Infiltration. The first recorded use of mining operations by a Roman army comes during . Siege mining is simply the process of moving as close to the walls of the castle as possible that was under siege and mining-(digging under the walls of the fortification).


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Blog Post 5

Siege Mining

 

Siege mining, if used correctly, was one of the most effective and successful ways to attack a castle.  All of the siege weapons that I have talked about so far consisted of destroying castle walls from above.  Mining attempted to destroy castle walls from beneath.  There were a couple different ways to mine an enemy castle.  One was to build a mine that went all the way under the castle wall and surfaced inside the castle.  This provided access to the inside but usually led to a sword battle where the defendants would have the upper hand.  The second way was to dig a tunnel below the walls and then collapse the tunnel which would collapse the walls.  The third way was called sapping, which was digging directly around the walls and collapsing them.

The least popular of the 3 types of mining that I mentioned was the first.  Digging tunnels all the way under the walls and into the castle was probably the least effective way of mining.  This usually didn’t work well because there would be a whole army waiting on the inside that would kill the miners with ease.

Sapping was a viable way to attack a castle.  Sappers would go directly up against the castle wall and begin digging down against the wall until they got before the foundation.  Then the would undermine the foundation and hopefully collapse the wall.  Under certain conditions it could be quite effective.  Sapping was most effective when used to collapse the corners of castles.  The corners were the weakest part of the wall and the easiest to collapse by sapping.  Later on castle began to be built with rounded edges to prevent sapping.  The other disadvantage of sapping was that the sapper would be completely exposed to enemy fire and could be shot before they could collapse the wall.

The most effective type of siege mining was a mixture of the first two.  They would try to collapse the walls like in sapping but would use tunnels like the first.  In this type of mining armies would employ skilled miners to build a tunnel starting at their camp and ending just below the enemy’s castle wall.  Once they would reach the wall they would dig under the foundation and replace foundation supports with wooden beams.  Then when they had replaced enough supports with wooden beams they would set fire to the the beams. They would then leave the tunnel and wait for the fire to burn the wooden beams and collapse the walls.  This was the safest and most effective type of mining because you never come into contact with the enemy until their walls are collapsed and you are ready to fight.

When collapsing the castle’s walls was successful it usually led to the surrender of the castle’s occupants.  They knew they didn’t stand a chance once their walls were taken out.  There were ways to prevent mining though.  The best way to prevent mining was counter mining.  This consisted of digging a tunnel below the other tunnel and collapsing their tunnel before they could collapse the walls.  The other way to defend against mining was in the design of the castle.  Removing sharp corners and replacing them with rounded edges strengthen the walls and made them harder to collapse by mining.  They also would add buttresses that enlarged the footprint of the wall.  This made the walls much harder to collapse as well.

 

Works Cited

Medieval Siege Tactics. 11 March 2005. 2016 5 December. <http://www.timeref.com/castles/castsiege.htm&gt;.

Bradbury, Jim. The Medieval Siege. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1992.

Image: (http://www.midi-france.info/medievalwarfare/121347_mining.htm)

 

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