Africa diamond mining countries

Top 5 Largest Diamond Producing Countries in Africa at the Moment 5. For the next 40 years, the industry was exclusively based on alluvial diamond mining. List of diamond mines Small rough diamonds from Russia. Crystals are about 0.7 to 0.9 mm in size Karowe diamond mine; Lerala diamond mine; South Africa. Watch video · 'Blood diamonds' dug from African mines by children as young as 11, Diamonds have funded brutal wars in countries such as CAR, Angola.
Home» Diamonds» Natural Diamond Production Map. Which Countries Produce the Most Gem Diamonds? Once centered in Africa, diamond mining now occurs in many. How the African Diamond which requires the governments in these countries to ensure that all diamond shipments remember that not all African diamond mines. Top 5 Largest Diamond Producing Countries in Africa at the Moment 5. For the next 40 years, the industry was exclusively based on alluvial diamond mining. List of diamond mines Small rough diamonds from Russia. Crystals are about 0.7 to 0.9 mm in size Karowe diamond mine; Lerala diamond mine; South Africa. Watch video · 'Blood diamonds' dug from African mines by children as young as 11, Diamonds have funded brutal wars in countries such as CAR, Angola.

Labor claymore mining software Community

Many of the world's diamonds are mined using practices that exploit workers, children, and communities. A million diamond diggers in Africa earn less than a dollar a day. Miners are dying in accidents, child labor is widespread, and corrupt leaders are depriving diamond mining communities of funds badly needed for economic development.

Poverty

Diamond miners who work in small-scale mining – panning or digging for diamonds – produce about 15% of the world’s diamonds. But their wages do not reflect the value of their work. An estimated one million diamond diggers in Africa earn less than a dollar a day, africa diamond mining countries. This unlivable wage is below the extreme poverty line. As a result, hundreds of thousands of miners lack basic necessities such as running water and sanitation. Hunger, africa diamond mining countries, illiteracy, and infant mortality are commonplace. Even within developing countries, diamond mining communities are often the most impoverished.

How is it that diamond miners can be some of the poorest people on the planet? Small-scale diamond mining is usually an unregulated activity. Labor standards and minimum wage laws, if they exist, are rarely enforced, subjecting miners to the whims of cruel and exploitative employers. Many diamond miners work independently,There are one
million diamond
diggers in Africa
earning less than
a dollar a day. but these miners tend to be unlicensed and lack access to global markets, limiting their bargaining power. In most cases, africa diamond mining countries, diamond diggers have little choice but to sell their diamonds to middle-men at below market prices.

Further Reading

Partnership Africa Canada

Diamonds and Africa diamond mining countries Security

New York Times

In Sierra Leone, Still a Tough Dig for Diamonds

 

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Safety And Health

Besides being grossly underpaid, many diamond miners work in extremely dangerous conditions. Small-scale diamond mining is often conducted without training or expertise. Miners may lack safety equipment and the proper tools. They can easily die or be injured in landslides, mine collapses, and other accidents.

Diamond mining also contributes to public health problems. The sex trade thrives in many diamond mining towns, leading to africa diamond mining countries spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Environmental devastation resulting from diamond mining is another cause of disease. In Sierra Leone, miners have littered the landscape with thousands of abandoned mining pits. These pits fill with stagnant rainwater, become infested with mosquitoes, and serve as breeding grounds for malaria.

Further Reading

MSNBC

A Diamond’s Journey: Grim Reality Tarnishes Glitter

Reuters

Bodies of 10 Illegal Diamond Miners Found in South Africa

IRIN Africa

South Africa: Miners demand safety first

 

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Child Labor

Because children are considered an easy source of cheap labor, they are regularly employed in the diamond mining industry. In some areas of Africa, children make up more than a small part of the workforce. One survey of diamond miners in the Lunda Norte province of Angola found that 46% of miners were between the ages of 5 and 16.

For children trapped in the diamond mines, life is full of hardship. Children work long days, often six or seven days a week. Compared with adults, they are even more vulnerable to injuries and accidents. Physically challenging tasks such as digging with heavy shovels or carrying bags of gravel can leave them hurt or in pain. Because of their small size, children also may be asked to perform the most africa diamond mining countries activities such as entering narrow mineshafts or descending into pits where landsides may claim their lives.

Many child miners do not attend school. As adults, these children often will have little choice but to continue working as miners. Child labor thereby condemns many children to a lifetime in the mines, robbing them as well as their countries of a brighter future. At Brilliant Software for mining, we believe that every child deserves an education. As part of our non-profit initiatives, we have helped to fund a program that mining parts for sale children from diamond mines and pays for their schooling.

Further Reading

Human Rights Watch

Zimbabwe: End Repression in Marange Diamond Fields

Voice of America

Harvard Study Criticizes Child Labor in Diamond Mines

IDEX

Report: Three Countries Accused of Child Labor in Diamond Mines

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Economic Development

Governments earn significant revenues from the diamond industry, both through taxation and profit-sharing arrangements. But they often fail to re-invest these funds in local communities. In Angola, the government receives about $150 million per year in diamond revenues. But conditions near major diamond mining projects are appalling. Public schools, office of surface mining supply systems, and health clinics are non-existent. Many roads have not been repaired africa diamond mining countries Angola first won independence in 1975.

Corruption, incompetence, and weak political systems all help explain why governments fail to invest their diamond revenues productively. For instance, in Zimbabwe, President Robert Mugabe uses diamond revenues to keep the military loyal and to prop up his corrupt authoritarian regime. Although Zimbabwe has some of the richest diamond fields in the world, only a trickle of diamond revenue is available for economic development. Local residents displaced to make way for diamond mining have even gone hungry and homeless. 

A different path is possible. Botswana is an example of a country that has managed its natural resources effectively. Aided by diamond revenues, Botswana has instituted universal primary education and built health facilities and roads. Since gaining independence in 1966, Botswana’s GDP has risen 7 percent per year, africa diamond mining countries, transforming it from one of Africa’s poorest countries into a country with a standard of living comparable to that of Turkey or Mexico.

Further Reading

Brilliant Earth Blog

Diamond Company Funds Soccer Cup, Lets Evicted People Starve

The Guardian

Botswana, Africa's Diamond

CNN

Botswana Economy Set to Sparkle After Diamond Deal

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The Value of Commercial Grade Diamonds | Our Everyday Life

Watch video · 'Blood diamonds' dug from African mines by children as young as 11, Diamonds have funded brutal wars in countries such as CAR, Angola. Labor & Community. Many of the world's A million diamond diggers in Africa earn less than a dollar Even within developing countries, diamond mining. But for many people in diamond-rich countries, Violence and injustice remain an everyday aspect of diamond mining. Brilliant Earth. Zimbabwe Blood Diamond. World’s Top Diamond-Producing Countries. alluvial mining, and on and offshore marine mining. Diamond mines in South Africa are operated by De Beers. DIAMOND PRODUCING COUNTRIES IN AFRICA FACT SHEET Angola principally diamond mining, dominates the economy, though tourism is a growing sector.

Watch video · 'Blood diamonds' dug from African mines by children as young as 11, Diamonds have funded brutal wars in countries such as CAR, Angola. World’s Top Diamond-Producing Countries. alluvial mining, and on and offshore marine mining. Diamond mines in South Africa are operated by De Beers. Home» Diamonds» Natural Diamond Production Map. Which Countries Produce the Most Gem Diamonds? Once centered in Africa, diamond mining now occurs in many.



Diamond is undoubtedly the rarest and most precious mineral resource. It is very expensive and can only be afforded by the extremely rich, especially in its refined state. Diamonds are used to produce so many durable, beautiful and useful things including very fine and costly jewelries and ornaments. The affluent men of the society who are able to afford jewelries made of diamonds like showing them off in social gatherings to attract attention and esteem.

So many countries of the world are blessed with this natural gem and African countries are not left out. Many of us would be able to mention some countries we know that produce diamond in commercial quantities but only a few may be able to tell who the largest producers are. There are generally 15 diamond producing countries in Africa. They are: Botswana, South Africa, Angola, Namibia, Congo, Zimbabwe, Guinea, Ghana, Congo, Lesotho, Liberia, Sierra Leone, CAR, Tanzania, and Togo. Now, the big question now is:

Who are the largest producers of diamond in Africa?

It will be important at this point to let you know that the ratings of countries and their diamond production capacity is never stable over time. It fluctuates year by year such that the largest producer this year may not be the same in the next year thereby making positions to shift much more often than you think.

Top 5 Largest Diamond Producing Countries in Africa at the Moment

5. The Democratic Republic of  Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo used to be one of the leading diamond producing countries not only in Africa but in the world. It produced 19.2 million carats in 2011 making it the second largest producer in Africa by volume after Botswana, which produced 22.9 million carats, according to the latest Kimberley Process (KP) data. The Congo is still the 2nd African country with the largest deposit of the hard rock, diamond. But it’s quite unfortunate that recently, other countries like South Africa, Angola and Namibia has taken its place in terms of value and volume produced. Currently, Congo has not been able to meet up with reasonable quality and quantity in Diamond production.

One of the contributors to this decline is what is known as “conflict/blood diamonds”, as diamonds have funded brutal wars in DRC and other African countries like Angola, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Côte d’Ivoire which have resulted in the death and displacement of millions of people. It was also discovered that most of the diamond production in the country is from informal sources (about 700 00 artisans). This actually explains why about a third of the country’s diamond is smuggled out of the country and also accounts for the reason why Congo cannot be found in the list of top diamond producers if ranking is based on mines. However, there’s hope that the Government will soon do something for it to be revived.

4. Namibia

The Orange River forms a geographic dividing-line between the nations of South Africa and Namibia. For the last hundred million years, the Orange river has been carrying eroded diamondiferous kimberlite material from its source on the Kaapvaal Craton, in central South Africa and Botswana. Diamond-bearing material was deposited in river bank gravels and alluvium as it traveled westward towards the Atlantic Ocean. Other diamondiferous materials were re-distributed by wind action, settling to form alluvial deposits in the desert sand.Namibia is the fourth largest diamond producing country in Africa at the moment, and is estimated to produce a total of 1 970 000 carats of diamond worth $937 million in 2015.

3. Angola

Angola is situated on southern Africa’s Atlantic coast, bordering Namibia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia. Diamonds were first discovered in Angola in 1912. For the next 40 years, the industry was exclusively based on alluvial diamond mining (mining that extracts diamonds from deposits of sand, gravel and clay, which have been naturally transported by water erosion and deposited along either the banks of a river, the shoreline or on the bed of the ocean).

Informal diamond mining first erupted in Angola on a very large-scale from September 1991, following the signing of the Bicesse Accords between the government and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) rebels as well as an agreement to hold the country’s first general elections. Catoca diamond mine in Angola ranks as the fifth biggest diamond mine in the world. The Catoca open-pit located near Saurimo, around 840km east of Luanda, is estimated to contain up to 130Mct of mineable diamonds. Angola is currently the third largest diamond producing country in Africa.

2. South Africa

Diamonds were discovered in the Namiba Desert in April 1908 near Lüderitz, when Zacharias Lewala, a former worker from the Kimberley diamond fields, found a diamond by the railway. It immediately became a leading producer of gem-quality diamonds and held that position until the 1920’s when Zaire entered major production. South Africa has been a consistent producer for the past few decades with production volumes regularly ranging between 6 million and 7 million carats per year. South Africa has seven diamond producing mines of which Venetia, jointly owned by De Beers is the largest. South Africa is estimated to produce over 10M carats of diamond worth up to billions of dollars in 2015. South Africa is the second largest diamond producing country in Africa as at 2015.

1. Botswana

Botswana is located in southern Africa bordering Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa. Botswana is at the moment the largest diamond producing country both in Africa and the whole world. The first discovery of diamonds in Botswana was made by geologists in 1967. Botswana had insignificant production until 1970 and became one of the top producers in the mid-1980’s. Botswana has some of the highest yielding mines in the world and has been a leading producer of diamonds since 1999. The Jwaneng and the Orapa diamond mines in Botswana rank as the first and second biggest diamond mines in the world, estimated to produce $2.4B and $1.2B worth of diamond in 2015 respectively. That is, in terms of value and volume produced. The total estimated diamond by carats to be produced by Botswana this year is about 24 million carats.

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